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Argentina

Import origin verifications strengthened to prevent circumvention of AD measures
The non-preferential origin requirements, which were previously found in several resolutions, have also been consolidated into a single regulation with certain modifications. The amended regulations will apply from Dec. 18.
[Resolution 60/2018]

New requirements for issuance of export certificates for food products
Argentina recently adopted new requirements for the electronic issuance of official sanitary certificates for food and other exports regulated for sanitary reasons. Exporters may request certificates to accompany exportations, certificates for purposes of registration in the country of destination of products of exclusive exportation, and certificates for purposes of registration in the country of destination for free sale.
[Disposition 965/2018]

List of telecom/IT goods benefitting from duty-free treatment narrowed
A total of 182 tariff lines classified within HS chapters 74, 84, 85, and 90 now benefit from this special arrangement. According to press reports, four items made by Tierra del Fuego-based manufacturers were removed from the list.
[Decree 973/2018]

Export restrictions on iron and steel waste extended
The suspension on the exportation for consumption of iron and steel waste and scrap classified under NCM 7204.10.00, 7204.21.00, 7204.29.00, 7204.30.00, 7204.41.00, 7204.49.00, 7204.50.00, 7404.00.00, and 7602.00.00 (only certain products) has been extended for 360 days in an effort to preserve a steady supply of raw materials for domestic manufacturers.
[Decree 970/2018]

New procedures for exports of peanut paste to U.S., sweets to Colombia
The Argentinean government has opened the registration period for companies wishing to export peanut paste to the U.S. under the 3,650 ton tariff-rate quota for 2019. Separately, new procedures have been established for companies wishing to export to Colombia in 2019 with preferential duty treatment chocolate and other sweets classified under NCM 1704.10.00, 1704.90.10, 1704.90.20, 1704.90.90, 1806.10.00, 1806.20.10, 1806.20.90, 1806.31.00, 1806.32.10, 1806.32.90, 1806.90.10, and 1806.90.90.
[Resolution 3/2018]
[Resolution 4/2018]

Digital origin certificate system for exports to Brazil and Uruguay postponed
Argentina has postponed until March 1, 2019, the entry into force of the new electronic certificate of origin system for exports to Brazil and Uruguay wishing to benefit from preferential duty treatment there.
[Resolution 356/2018]

TRQ for electric vehicles allocated
The special tariff-rate quota for up to 500 electric, hybrid, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles for the period Oct. 21, 2018, through Jan. 20, 2019, was recently allocated. Imports of such goods will benefit from duty-free or reduced duty treatment.
[Disposition 50/2018]

AD actions on switches, PET granules
– final phase of antidumping duty investigation of switches for a voltage greater than or equal to 17.5 kV but less than or equal to 245 kV, and with a rated current less than or equal to 4,000 A, from Italy (no provisional measures yet applied)
[Resolution 394/2018]
– initiation of sunset and changed circumstances review of AD duty order on polyethylene terephthalate granules with an intrinsic viscosity of 0.70 or more but not more than 0.88 deciliters per gram from China, India, and South Korea
[Resolution 81/2018]

Brazil

New administration wants to merge ministries
Paulo Guedes, who has reportedly been tapped by President-elect Jair Bolsonaro as his new minister of economy, recently indicated that the Bolsonaro administration plans to merge the ministries of finance, planning, and industry and trade, as well as the ministries of agriculture and the environment, in an effort to reduce the total number of ministries from 29 to 15 or 16. The National Confederation of Industry opposes the incorporation of the ministry of industry and trade into a super ministry of economy.
[EXAME]
[CNI]

New preferences established for oil/gas equipment
Under a new special industrialization regime for goods intended for the exploration, development, and production of oil, gas, and other liquid hydrocarbons, companies will be able to import or acquire domestically free of import duties, the tax on industrialized products (IPI), and social contributions (PIS/Pasep and Cofins) raw materials, intermediate products, and packaging materials intended for any of such activities. Companies wishing to take advantage of this special regime must obtain an authorization from and comply with any provisions set forth by the Brazilian Federal Revenue Service (Receita Federal).
[Decree 9537/2018]

WTO case launched against China’s sugar measures
Brazil filed Oct. 22 a request for consultations under the WTO dispute settlement mechanism over China’s May 2017 safeguard measure on imported sugar, the administration of China’s tariff-rate quota for sugar, and China’s so-called automatic import licensing system for out-of-quota sugar. If a mutually satisfactory understanding is not reached following a 60-day consultation period, Brazil may formally request the establishment of a WTO panel to examine this matter.
[G1 Globo]

Customs cooperation agreement with China implemented
The agreement has provisions regarding scope of general assistance, specific types of information and assistance, general assistance procedures, execution of requests, confidentiality of information, exceptions, presence of officials in the customs territory of the other party, implementation, application, and entry into force.
[Decree 9542/2018]

Input sought on strategy to promote Brazil’s agribusiness market
Interested parties may submit input by Nov. 22 on the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Supply’s proposed strategy to open, expand, and promote the Brazilian international agribusiness market. Goals include enhancing the competitiveness of Brazilian agricultural products as well as Brazil’s participation in global trade of these products.
[Directive 1793/2018]

Regulatory changes to export processing zones considered
The National Council of Export Processing Zones will accept input by Nov. 16 on a proposal aimed at streamlining the current administrative requirements for companies wishing to operate in export processing zones. The proposal seeks to facilitate the industrial project development and analysis process, simplify the requirements for investors to obtain an export processing zone authorization, and promote greater legal certainty for agents working in these zones.
[Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]

AD actions on iron pipe, steel products, ceramic tableware, potatoes
– preliminary affirmative dumping and injury determination on cast iron pipe from China, India, and the United Arab Emirates
[Circular 17/2018]
– preliminary affirmative dumping and injury determination on flat-rolled products of non-oriented magnetic silicon steel from Germany
[Circular 46/2018]
– termination of price undertaking for certain companies associated with the China Ceramics Industrial Association, which will now face the AD measures in place on Chinese porcelain and ceramic tableware that range from US$1.84 to US$5.14 per kilogram
[CAMEX Resolution 76/2018]
– adjustment of export prices under price undertaking agreements for various companies in connection with the AD measures on frozen potatoes from Belgium and the Netherlands
[Circular 47/2018]
[Circular 48/2018]
[Circular 49/2018]

Chile

FTA deal struck with Brazil
After only four negotiating rounds, Chilean and Brazilian negotiators have reached a bilateral free trade agreement that will supplement existing trade arrangements. The FTA includes provisions in the areas of trade facilitation; competition; temporary entry of people; micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises; good regulatory practices; electronic commerce; trade in services; telecommunications; trade and gender; trade and the environment; trade and labor issues; economic-commercial cooperation; sanitary and phytosanitary measures; technical obstacles to trade; and regional and global value chains. The agreement also incorporates a 2016 deal on investment and financial services as well as an April 2018 deal on government procurement.
[DIRECON]

Congressional consideration of China FTA modernization completed
The Senate approved Oct. 24 the protocol to modernize Chile’s FTA with China. The Chamber of Deputies ratified the protocol Sept. 13, which means that congressional consideration of the agreement has been successfully completed. The deal will next be submitted to the executive branch for its promulgation.
[DIRECON]

Progress on bilateral trade issues with U.S.
The two sides have agreed to update the product-specific origin rules in their bilateral FTA in line with the sixth edition of the Harmonized System (HS 2017). They also made progress in the areas of technical obstacles to trade and sanitary and phytosanitary measures, including an agreement to allow the importation into the U.S. of Chilean lemons and cherimoyas.
[DIRECON]

Beef imports from Colombia suspended
Chile has provisionally suspended the importation of fresh, refrigerated, and frozen beef from Colombia over concerns about the presence of foot-and-mouth disease in that country.
[Exempt Decree 6378/2018]

Duty reductions on wheat and wheat flour extended
From Oct. 16 through Dec. 15 wheat importers will be able to deduct US$87.23 per ton from the total duty owed on these goods (calculated using the regular six percent duty rate) while wheat flour importers will be able to deduct US$136.07 per ton.
[Exempt Decree 305/2018]

New import requirements for caper plants from Argentina
Imports of such goods must be accompanied by an official sanitary certificate issued by the relevant authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[Exempt Resolution 3898/2018]

Colombia

Work to address illegal textile and apparel imports advances 
Stopping illicit trade in textiles and apparel was the focus on the third meeting of a high-level working group created to address illegal contraband as well as other illicit international trade activities. The working group discussed how certain companies are using the Plan Vallejo program, a special mechanism that allows Colombian exporters to import free of duty and value-added tax a range of raw materials, inputs, and capital goods that are not made in Colombia, to illegally import textile and apparel products. Companies found to be misusing this program will be referred to the Financial Information and Analysis Unit for further action.
[Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism]

Peru

Single window for trade operations strengthened
The Peruvian Congress has approved a law to strengthen the electronic single window for international trade operations (VUCE). This law broadens VUCE’s scope and seeks to optimize its operation by adopting a new platform for the electronic management of trade- and transport-related administrative processes. The new VUCE will also include statistics on trade trends and logistics costs, special trade management tools for small and medium-sized enterprises, mechanisms to connect all parties involved in international trade, and a risk management platform for public entities with trade-related functions.
[Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism]
[Law No. 30860]

AD duties on certain poplin fabric from Pakistan confirmed
Following a challenge by a Peruvian company, Peru has confirmed an October 2016 resolution lowering from US$0.67 to US$0.63 per kilogram the AD duties on polyester/cotton poplin fabric of a weight between 50 and 250 grams per square meter and a width of at least 2.20 meters from Pakistan.
[Resolution No. 0176-2018/SDC-INDECOPI]

New import requirements for newborn chicks from Spain
Imports must be accompanied by an official sanitary certificate issued by the relevant authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[R.D. Nº 0030-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]