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Argentina

Deal on steel and aluminum tariffs reached with U.S.
In return for a permanent exemption from the safeguard tariffs the U.S. imposed on imports of steel and aluminum products (25 percent and 10 percent, respectively) as of March 23, Argentina has agreed to cap its exports to the U.S. at 180,000 tons per year for steel (135 percent of the average amount shipped to the U.S. over the past three years) and 100 percent of annual exports to the U.S. over the past three years for aluminum.
[Ministry of Foreign Relations and Worship]

Process to import motor vehicles streamlined
Argentina has implemented new digital import certificate procedures for motor vehicles, trailers, semi-trailers, engine blocks, and self-propelled agricultural, road, and industrial machinery that is expected to further facilitate the import process for these products.
[Joint Resolution 4239/2018]

Content declaration requirements for textiles, apparel, and footwear amended
Importers and producers of textiles and apparel must provide a declaration with the fiber composition of their products, while footwear importers and producers must provide a declaration with the constituent materials.
[Resolution 246/2018]

Imports of certain chemicals banned
Argentina has banned the importation, sale, and use in grains of the active principles Dichlorvos (DDVP) and Trichlorfon, as well as any formulated products containing those active principles. Slated to enter into force Nov. 4, the ban covers grain production and post-harvest, transportation, manipulation, and storage activities.
[Resolution 149/2018]

Registration period for peanut exports to U.S.
The government has opened the registration period for companies wishing to export to the United States peanuts under the 43,901 ton tariff-rate quota for the period April 1, 2019, through March 31, 2020.
[Resolution 12/2018]

New technical requirements for bicycle tires adopted
Domestic producers and importers must demonstrate compliance with these requirements by obtaining a product certification from an authorized certification body. They also must report their stocks of subject goods through June 1 and may sell uncertified goods through Feb. 1, 2019. The old certification requirements for bicycle tires will cease to apply on June 1.
[Resolution 281/2018]
[Joint Resolution 20/2018]

AD actions on vacuum cleaners, ceramic flags/pavings
– final phase of AD duty investigation of vacuum cleaners with a self-contained electric motor from China (no provisional measures yet established)
[Resolution 267/2018]

– new AD duty order on ceramic flags and paving from China, with AD duty of 27.7 percent for five years
[Resolution 193/2018]

Additional Argentine fishing companies may export to Russia 
[InfoCampo]

Brazil

New import process within single window to be launched in October
Based on the single import declaration (Duimp), the new process will involve a systemic, regulatory, and procedural reformulation of the import process. Average import clearance times are expected to drop from 17 to 10 days after the new system is fully implemented, without negatively impacting security safeguards.
[Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]

Single window drawback functionality expanded
Effective May 15, requests to modify the ownership of duty drawback concessions may be processed through the electronic single window for trade operations.
[Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]

Senate approves customs cooperation agreement with China
The main objective of the deal is to promote collaboration between the customs administrations of both countries to ensure the correct application of regulatory requirements, enhance the security of the international logistics chain, and prevent, investigate, and prosecute illegal activities.
[Receita Federal]

Import duties lowered
Brazilian authorities recently announced the addition of 238 items to a list of foreign capital goods and information technology and telecommunications goods that benefit from duty-free treatment under the Ex-Tarifario regime, down from 14 or 16 percent, most through Dec. 31, 2019. Another 12 items have been added to the list of automotive parts that benefit from a reduced two percent duty, down from 18 percent. Additionally, tariff-rate quotas have been established for 12 months on imports of duloxetine hydrochloride and potassium clavulanate to correct a lack of supply in the Brazilian market.
[CAMEX Resolution 28/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 30/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 31/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 32/2018]

New AD probes of iron pipe and tube, flat-rolled steel products 
– initiation of AD investigations of ductile cast iron pipe and tube for water and sewage applications from China, India, and United Arab Emirates
[SECEX Circular 18/2018]

– initiation of AD investigation of flat-rolled products of magnetic silicon steel, other than grain-oriented, from Germany
[SECEX Circular 21/2018]

Colombia

New AD probe of steel tube from China
[Resolution 88/2018]

Mexico

Rule of origin exception for textiles and apparel from Colombia implemented
The free trade agreement between Mexico and Colombia includes a temporary provision whereby Mexico affords preferential duty treatment to imports of textile and apparel goods wholly made in Colombia from certain non-originating fibers and yarns. Mexico recently announced that this temporary exception to the agreement’s rules of origin will be applied from May 14, 2018, through May 13, 2020, to certain knit fabric and knit and woven apparel made with certain non-originating polyester filament yarn, subject to a 12,000 net kilogram limit.
[Notice issued May 11]

Customs cooperation agreement with Japan approved
The agreement includes provisions on such matters as communication of information, assistance on request, special surveillance, use of information and confidentiality, exemption from assistance, technical assistance, costs, and settlement of disputes.
[Notice issued May 15]

Peru

Imports of animal products from Colombia suspended
Peru has suspended for one year the importation of the following animals and animal products from Colombia over foot-and-mouth disease concerns.

– live ruminants and swine, as well as semen and embryos of these and other species susceptible to FMD
– fresh, chilled, or frozen meat, offal, raw hides and skins, and wool not washed or degreased of the aforementioned species
– fodder and hay
– milk and dairy products
– other products of the aforementioned species capable of transmitting or serving as a vehicle for the FMD virus
[Directorial Resolution No. 0018-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]