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Payment of outstanding duty obligations eased
Argentina has implemented a new system that will afford additional flexibility to importers and other taxpayers in the payment of outstanding tax obligations, including import duties. Among other things the system covers any owed duties that have not been paid by the required deadline as well as any surcharges, penalties, and interest. Authorities indicate that any owed amounts (including any penalties, surcharges, or interest) will not be reduced or condoned.
[General Resolution 4268/2018]

Pilot program allows digital origin certificates from Chile
Argentina is now allowing under a pilot program the use of digital certificates of origin issued by Chilean authorities to justify preferential duty treatment claims under the relevant trade agreements between the two countries. Digital certificates will have the same legal validity as paper certificates under this pilot, thereby reducing processing times and facilitating bilateral trade.
[General Resolution 4267/2018]

New AD investigations on aluminum radiators, medicaments
Argentina has initiated separate antidumping duty investigations of (1) aluminum radiators for use in home central heating, with no electric heating capabilities, from China, Italy, and Spain; and (2) parenteral solutions containing sodium chloride or dextrose, sterile, in closed infusion systems, for containers with a capacity of 0.1 liters or more but no greater than one liter, from Brazil and Mexico.
[Resolution 367/2018]
[Resolution 364/2018]


Import duties modified
Brazilian authorities have announced the addition of 413 items to a list of foreign capital goods and information technology and telecommunications goods that benefit from duty-free treatment under the Ex-Tarifario regime, down from 14 or 16 percent, through Dec. 31, 2019. Separately, Brazil has modified its import duties on a range of products by adding or excluding them to/from the list of exceptions to the Mercosur common external tariff. Finally, tariff-rate quotas have been established on imports of certain products, such as paper, acrylic/modacrylic filament tow, and partially oriented polyester yarn, to correct a lack of supply in the Brazilian market.
[CAMEX Resolution 43/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 44/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 45/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 46/2018]

New mandatory requirements for imported motor vehicles 
Brazil recently implemented new mandatory requirements for the importation and sale of new motor vehicles classified in headings 8701 through 8706 as well as a new import regime for auto parts not made in Brazil. Authorities will set new provisions on motor vehicle marking/labeling, energy efficiency, and structural performance associated with power steering technologies. Additionally, the government will have the authority to reduce the federal value-added tax (IPI) by up to two percentage points for vehicles that comply with certain minimum energy efficiency standards.
[Provisional Measure 843/2018]

Federal VAT rates for hybrid and mixed use vehicles modified
Brazil has modified the federal VAT (IPI) rates for hybrid and mixed use vehicles, including alcohol fueled vehicles and flexible fuel engine vehicles, classified under various subheadings within heading 8703.
Decree 9442/2018

New phytosanitary import requirements for substrate
The requirements apply to substrate imported as a raw material or finished product or accompanying a plant, regardless of origin. Substrate consists of organic, inorganic, natural, or synthetic materials, or mixtures thereof, that are used for plant growth and rooting as well as for the conditioning, nurturing, or physical protection of plants during transport.
[Normative Instruction 19/2018]

Results of anticircumvention probe of AD duty order on nylon yarn from China
It has been determined that (1) import licenses should be issued to imports of DTY – PA 6 yarn and ATY – PA 6 yarn claiming to be produced in Vietnam by Italon Company Limited; and (2) import licenses should not be issued to imports of DTY – PA 6.6 yarn, ATY – PA 6.6 yarn and “Melange” type yarn claiming to be produced in Vietnam by Italon Company Limited.
[SECEX Directive 33/2018]


Work on APEC priorities for 2019 continues 
Chile is working on various trade facilitation initiatives for when it assumes stewardship over the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in 2019, including the mutual recognition of authorized economic operators as well as measures to facilitate and measure e-commerce.

New customs provisions on bonded warehouses implemented 
Chile has implemented new customs provisions related to (1) the conditions and requirements for the establishment and operation of bonded warehouses used by express services companies, (2) requirements and guarantees for the authorization of the bonded warehouse regime, and (3) certification of parties that provide weighing, measuring, chemical analysis, and related services for customs purposes.
[Decree 8/2018]
[Decree 32/2018]
[Decree 52/2018]

Agreement with Amazon aims to encourage cross-border e-commerce
A new pilot program will allow some ProChile member companies to access support from Amazon that will help them export through the company’s electronic platform. The pilot will initially target companies that already have activities in the North American market in health care, beauty, cosmetic, food supplement, and baby products.

New or amended import requirements for seeds, blueberries
Chile has amended its phytosanitary import requirements for horticultural, farm, aromatic, and medicinal seeds and established new requirements for fresh blueberries from Peru. Imports must be accompanied by an official phytosanitary certificate issued by the relevant authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[Exempt Resolution 2756/2018]
[Exempt Resolution 3638/2018]


Enhanced FTA with Costa Rica effective July 30
Among other things, approximately 20 Colombian products such as dishwashers, bidets, tires, underwear, and infants’ apparel will benefit from more favorable duty treatment in Costa Rica. The two sides have also adopted more flexible rules of origin for some products.
[Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism]


Economic partnership agreement signed with four European countries
The agreement includes provisions on market access for goods, rules of origin, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical barriers to trade, trade facilitation, competition, services, intellectual property, government procurement, sustainable development, and cooperation.
[El Comercio]


Energy efficiency requirements for fridges and freezers updated
Mexico has finalized a standard that updates the mandatory energy efficiency standards, test procedures, sampling, and labelling requirements of standard NOM-015-ENER-2012, which have been in place since May 16, 2012. The new standard applies to household refrigerators, household fridges-freezers of up to 1,104 liters, and household freezers of up to 850 liters using a hermetic moto-compressor.

AD duty orders on steel wire mesh and dicloxacillin renewed
Mexico has renewed for five years its AD duty orders on (1) galvanized hexagonal steel wire mesh from China and (2) dicloxacillin from India. Imports will continue to face AD duties of US$0.45 per kilogram and 64.9 percent, respectively.
[Resolution issued July 2]
[Resolution issued July 3]


New import requirements for seeds, poinsettia plants
Peru has established new phytosanitary requirements for (1) ryegrass seeds from Uruguay, (2) eucalyptus seeds from Argentina, and (3) poinsettia plants and cuttings from the U.S. Imports must be accompanied by an official phytosanitary certificate issued by the relevant authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[R.D. Nº 0012-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]
[R.D. Nº 0014-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]
[R.D. Nº 0015-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]