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Lists of capital and IT goods benefitting from preferential duty treatment updated
Argentina has updated the lists of capital goods and information technology or telecommunications goods benefiting from duty-free treatment or a reduced two percent duty. According to press reports, more than 100 tariff lines have been added to the lists (bringing the total to more than 500) in an effort to boost investment in domestic production activities.
[Decree 837/2018]
[Decree 864/2018]

New criterion values adopted for plastic plates, polyvinyl chloride
Argentina has established new criterion values for the following products imported from a number of countries: (1) polyvinyl chloride not mixed with any other substances, obtained through a suspension process, classified under NCM 3904.10.10, and (2) certain non-cellular plastic plates, sheets, film, foil, and strip classified under NCM 3920.43.90. Imports with a declared value lower than the criterion value require payment of a guarantee equivalent to the difference in duties to be paid on the declared value and the criterion value.
[General Resolution 4307/2018]
[General Resolution 4308/2018]

Export duty regime amended
In an effort to increase tax revenues to stem a deepening financial crisis, the Argentinean government established Sept. 4 a 12 percent duty on all exports for consumption, subject to certain limits. The government subsequently made certain clarifying and other changes to this export duty regime, which will be in place through Dec. 31, 2020.
[Decree 865/2018]

Raw sugar for export to U.S. allocated
The Argentinean government has allocated 43,243.36 tons to 11 companies that are seeking to export to the U.S. raw sugar with a polarity of a least 96 degrees. This amount must be imported into the U.S. no later than Sept. 30, 2019.
[Resolution 1/2018]

AD actions on boilers, polyester resins, glass plates, tableware/kitchenware
– new antidumping duty investigation of boilers for central heating from Italy and Slovakia
[Resolution 35/2018]
– new AD duty investigation of unsaturated polyester resins from Brazil
[Resolution 46/2018]
– determination that imports by Misiones S.R.L. of glass plates exported to Argentina by Malaysia’s Clay Ceramic Industry SDN BHD are circumventing the AD duty orders on ceramic, marble, and glass tiles and similar products from Brazil and China
[Resolution 39/2018]
– determination that porcelain tableware and kitchenware exported by Indonesia’s PT Sango Ceramics Indonesia and imported into Argentina by Arimex Importadora S.A. are not circumventing the AD duty order on subject goods from China
[Resolution 48/2018]


Customs clearance process, AEO program modified
Based on the single import declaration (Duimp), which began its pilot phase Oct. 1, the new customs clearance process involves a systemic, regulatory, and procedural reformulation of the import process. Average import clearance times are expected to drop from 17 to 10 days after the new system is fully implemented, without negatively impacting security safeguards. The new process will be rolled out in stages, with the first phase limited to fully-dutiable maritime trade not requiring an import license that is carried out by AEOs.
[Normative Instruction 1833/2018]
[Receita Federal]

Duties on insecticide imports to be eliminated
Brazilian authorities recently approved the elimination of the eight percent duty on insecticides formulated from the active ingredients bendiocarb, bifenthrin, chlorfenapyr, cyfluthrin, deltamethrin, etofenprox, fenitrothion, lambda-cyhalothrin, malathion, pyrimphos-methyl, or propoxur. This action is expected to benefit some 22 percent of all Brazilian imports of agricultural pesticides.
[Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Supply]

Duty preference for high tenacity polyester monofilament amended
Brazil has increased from 4,200 tons to 8,400 tons the tariff-rate quota on high-tenacity polyester monofilament yarn, except yarn of more than 1,100 decitex but less than 2,200 decitex. In-quota goods will benefit from a reduced two percent duty through July 23, 2019, while out-of-quota shipments will face the regular 18 percent MFN duty.
[CAMEX Resolution 67/2018]

AD/CV actions on plasterboard, electrodes, grinding bodies
– issuance of AD duty order on plasterboard faced and/or reinforced with paper or paperboard from Mexico, with AD duties of US$57.32 or US$117.42 per ton for five years
[CAMEX Resolution 69/2018]
– one-year suspension (with possible one-year renewal) of the application of the AD duty order on graphite electrodes from China
[CAMEX Resolution 66/2018]
– extension for up to six months from Oct. 2 the deadline to issue a final determination in a countervailing duty investigation of grinding bodies for milling applications of cast iron or chromium-bonded steel from India
[SECEX Circular 37/2018]


Electrical products must comply with 220 volt requirement
Chile has clarified that all household electrical products commercialized in the country, whether manufactured for a specific voltage or a range of voltages, must be suitable to be connected directly to a nominal voltage of 220 volts / 50 hertz. Traders must ensure that any appropriate accessories are provided to the consumer with the product in order to comply with this requirement.
[Exempt Resolution 24.730/2018]

Discussions with Central America aimed at strengthening trade ties
Issues discussed included the evolution of trade and investment, market access, digital origin certification, geographical indications, sanitary and phytosanitary matters, regional value chains, and the potential modernization of the existing FTA to incorporate new disciplines.


Working group identifies actions to facilitate exports
The objectives of the private-public working group on trade facilitation include eliminating unnecessary procedures, systematizing all import and export processes, reducing container clearance times, optimizing the use of scanners for the inspection of goods, and expanding the scope of the electronic single window for international trade operations’ risk management system.
[Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism]

Efforts to address illegal trade activities intensify 
The Colombian government launched Sept. 21 a new high-level working group focused on addressing illegal contraband as well as any other illicit international trade activities. The first phase of this effort will prioritize illicit trade in textiles and apparel, plastics, cigarettes, alcoholic products, and agrochemical and fuel products.
[Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism]


U.S., Canada, Mexico reach agreement on new trade deal
According to a joint press release, the so-called U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement is a “high-standard trade agreement that will result in freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region.” The new agreement is expected to be signed by Dec. 1, which could bring it up for congressional consideration in early 2019.
[Mexico’s Ministry of Economy]
[Office of the U.S. Trade Representative]

Air services agreement with Brazil enters into force
The agreement includes provisions related to grant of rights; designation and authorization; withholding, revocation, and limitation of authorization; application of laws; recognition of certificates and licenses; operational security; aviation security; user charges; customs duties; taxation; capacity; tariffs; competition; currency conversion and remittance of earnings; commercial activities; statistics; approval of schedules; environmental protection; consultations; settlement of disputes; amendments; multilateral agreements; termination; and registration with ICAO.
[Decree issued Sept. 27]

New AD sunset reviews on ferromanganese from China, ferrosilicon manganese from Ukraine
[Resolution issued Sept. 24]
[Resolution issued Sept. 25]


New import requirements for dairy products, poultry meat, pears
Peru has established new sanitary or phytosanitary requirements for (1) milk and dairy products for human consumption from Mexico, (2) processed poultry meat for human consumption from Panama, and (3) fresh pears from Japan. Imports must be accompanied by an official sanitary or phytosanitary certificate issued by the relevant authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[R.D. Nº 0024-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]
[R.D. Nº 0025-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]
[R.D. Nº 0030-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]


Pacific Alliance meeting with ASEAN advances trade priorities
Among other things, the two sides agreed to extend a bilateral work plan through 2019 to finalize ongoing initiatives and come up with new cooperative activities in the areas of economic affairs, science, technology and innovation, sustainable development, and education.
[Colombia Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism]